The antibiotics saved millions of lives and became one of the major engines of the modern medicine development, however today it becomes obvious that the success thereof was a temporary phenomenon. The problem of antibiotic resistance of bacteria obtained a global scale and carried a threat for all of us. Perhaps, everyone came across the infections for treatment whereof it was not easy to select an efficient antibiotic.
«Without coordinated and prompt actions at the global scale the world will soon get into the “post-antibiotic” era, when generic infections may become lethal again», — sais the Director-General of WHO Margaret Chan. Every year up to 700 thousand of people in the world die of infections induced by bacteria resistant to antimicrobial agents. If this tendency persists, by the year 2050 this amount may grow up to 10 million.
Increasingly frequently doctors report about the bacterial strains resistant to all presently known antibiotics. And the strains resistant to several main antimicrobial agents (so-called “superbacteria”) inhabit practically every modern hospital. Some most common children diseases such as malaria, pneumonia, and other respiratory infections, and dysentery don’t respond to treatment with many of the traditional antibiotics. Since 1987 there haven’t been discovered any new class of antibiotics, and as of today too little of the antibacterial agents are being developed to solve the problem of the multiple drug resistance.